July 16, 2024

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High Court rules ex-AG Thomas did not charge Najib in bad faith


KUALA LUMPUR, March 28 — The High Court here ruled that former Attorney-General (AG) Tan Sri Tommy Thomas did not arbitrarily charge Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak in bad faith but only upon receiving completed investigation papers from the Investigating Agencies.

Judge Datuk Ahmad Bache said only upon studying and satisfying himself of the evidence gathered, Thomas issued the consent to charge the former prime minister on all 35 charges in four cases.

The cases involved 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC), abuse of power under the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) Act 2009 and money laundering under the Anti-Money Laundering, Anti-Terrorism Financing and Proceeds of Unlawful Activities Act 2001 (AMLATFPUAA 2001).

He also said the issue of “targeting the former premier or targeted malice” did not arise as it was Thomas’ duty as the Public Prosecutor to charge Najib.

The judge said in the present case, at the time when the suit was filed in 2021, the prosecution of the 35 charges in the four  cases are still ongoing or pending and Thomas has already resigned on Feb 28, 2020.


“Hence, he (Thomas) was not and will not be involved in the conduct of the proceedings of the 35 charges in the four cases in the first place, and that there was no final determination on the four cases as yet,” he said in his 37-page judgment dated Feb 28 in a suit filed by Najib against Thomas.

On Nov 25, last year, Judge Ahmad allowed Thomas’ application to strike out Najib’s suit over alleged misfeasance in public office for prosecuting him on charges involving the 1MDB case.

The judge said to accede to the proposition that Thomas has committed all three torts or causes of action (misfeasance in public office, malicious abuse of process and negligence) inspite of his powers, will also open the flood gate whereby all actions of the Public Prosecutor will be questioned.

He said it also opened to public scrutiny, hence challenging the almost unfettered discretion conferred upon him (Thomas) under Article 145 (3) of the Federal Constitution and also his deputies (DPPs), to discharge their duties without fear or favour.

“Consequently, his DPPs too will be afraid of preferring charges against suspects even though there were overwhelming evidence, due to the risk of opening themselves up to civil suits subsequently. Hence, this will potentially lead to a significant escalation of criminal activities in the country.

“Worst of all, it will invite an accused person to file a claim against the Public Prosecutor even before the proceeding commences or before they have been acquitted like the present case before this court. This will obviously cause havoc and our criminal justice system will dangerously be in jeopardy,” he said.

Judge Ahmad said the Public Prosecutor and his DPPs will then have to come to court in a full trial to testify and to explain for each case, wasting his official time and public funds and seriously undermining the integrity of the institution of the Attorney General or Public Prosecutor altogether.

He said this was against public policy and in total contravention with established procedural laws and the Criminal Procedure Code.

“Hence, this should not be allowed and the claim should be struck out as it is frivolous, scandalous and vexatious. It will also set a bad and dangerous precedent whereby an accused person can file a claim against the Attorney General/Public Prosecutor for every acquittal,” he said.

The judge said he was of the opinion that the act of the plaintiff in filing these claims can be seen as a collateral attack on the prosecution of the 35 criminal charges as the plaintiff is prematurely launching a civil action based on criminal charges which have yet to be determined in the criminal courts. 

Judge Ahmad said the court further opined that the claim should not be filed at all, before the trials of the four cases are completed.

“It is akin to putting the cart before the horse. It has also created confusion and a transgression of jurisdiction between the civil and criminal court’s jurisdiction and this should not be allowed at all cost,” he said.

Furthermore, the court is of the considered opinion that the causes of action of misfeasance in public office and the so-called malicious process are not sustainable and a non-starter because Thomas did not even conduct or take part in the prosecution of the four cases. 

“It follows that even if Thomas have had an agenda against the plaintiff (which this court disagreed), he would not be conducting the prosecution of the plaintiff.

“How could he be said to have had committed misfeasance and the other torts. Hence it follows, that there was no necessity for these suit to go for a full trial and no reason for Thomas to come to court to explain, as the claims should be struck out ab initio,” he said.

In the suit filed on Oct 22, 2021, Najib claimed that the charges against him were part of a move that had been planned in advance by Thomas and it was also in line with the Pakatan Harapan government’s plan at the time.

He is seeking a declaration that Thomas has committed misfeasance in public office as well as RM1.9 million in damages, including negotiation fees for the audit team to review documentation for the preparation of facts to deal with the prosecution against him.

NMT as reported by Bernama